Abatwa - Said to be the tiniest creatures
of human form in existence, these little people coexist
peacefully with the ants in the anthills of Southern Africa
and live on their foragings from the roots of grasses and
other plants. They are very shy and so are elusive, however
tend to reveal themselves to very young children, wizards,
and pregnant women.
Aeval - A Faery Queen of southwestern
Munster. In her district a debate was launched on whether
the men were satisfying the woman's sexual needs. In a
midnight court, Aeval heard both sides and then decreed
the men wrong and sentenced them to overcome their prudishness
and accede to the woman's needs. (Kisma)
Angiaks - children of the living dead
of Eskimo lore. In hard times, unwanted babies were taken
out into the snow by tribal elders to die of exposure.
Unless the tribe would move to a new hunting ground, they
would often find themselves haunted by this small, miserable
Ankou - the faerie version of the grim
reaper. Sometimes he's portrayed as a benevolent, comforting
Anthropophagi - a cannibal faerie. He
has no head, but his eyes sit atop his shoulders and a
mouth may be found in his torso. His lack of a nose allows
him to eat human flesh without gagging.
Asparas - Usually female, also known
as sky-dancers. They bless humans at important stages in
their lives, and are often seen at weddings. They live
in fig trees and sometimes appear to scholars or scientists,
seduce and exhaust them, making sure they don't venture
into areas that the spirit world deems unfit.
Asrai - are small and delicate female
faeries who melt away into a pool of water when captured
or exposed to sunlight.
Aughisky - (Agh-iski) They are the Irish
version of the Each-Uisge.
Bean-Nighe - (ben-neeya) Similiar to
that of the Banshee. The Washing women is the type of Banshee
who haunts the lonely streams of Scotland and Ireland.
Washing the blood-stained garments of those about to die.
It is said that these spirits are the ghosts of women who
died in childbirth and that they are fated to perform their
task until the day when they would have normally died.
Barguest - A kind of Bogie. It has horns,
dangerous teeth and claws, and fiery eyes. It can take
many forms, but usually is a shaggy black dog. Upon the
death of a prominent figure, it rounds up all the dogs
in the community and leads them on a procession through
the streets, howling.
Bauchan - also Bogan. A type of Hobgoblin.
Like most faeries, they are fond of tricks, sometimes are
dangerous, and sometimes are helpful.
Bendith y Mamau (ben-dith uh momay) - Mother's
Blessing, which was the name of the fairies of the Carmarthenshire
country in Wales; this saying became a prayer spoken to
Black Annis - See Hags.
Blue Men of the Minch - - They dwell
in the strait between Long Island and the Shiant Islands.
They are responsible for sudden thunderstorms and shipwrecks,
but their ship-sinking attempts may be thwarted if you
are an adept rhymer. Some think they may be fallen angels.
Bodach - also Bugbear or Bug-A-Boo. They
slide down chimneys to kidnap naughty children.
Boggart - Brownies that have turned evil.
Bogie - This is the generic name for
some different types of Goblins. Their temperments range
the spectrum from benign to malevolent.
Bogles - Generally evil-natured Goblins
although they are more disposed to do harm to liars and
Bokwus - A fearsome spirit in the great
northwestern American spruce forests. He is only seen in
glimpses, but has been seen wearing totemic face paints.
Hunters are very aware of his presence. He likes to push
fishermen off the banks to drown, taking teh victim's soul
to his home in the forest
Brown Man of the Muirs - Protector of
Brownie - His territory extends over
the Lowlands of Scotland and up into the Highlands and
Islands all over the north and east of England and into
the Midlands. With a natural linguistic variation, he becomes
the BWCA of Wales, the Highland Bodach and the Manx Fenodoree.
In the West Country, Pixies or Pisgies occassionally perform
the offices of a brownie and show some of the same characteristics,
though they are essentially different. Border brownies
are most characteristic. They are small men, about three
feet in height, very raggedly dressed in brown clothes,
with brown faces and shaggy heads, who come out at night
to do the work that has been left undone by the servants.
They make themselves responsible for the farm or house
in which they live: reap, mow, her the sheep, prevent the
hens from laying away, run errands, and give good counsel
at need. A brownie can become personally attached to one
member of the family.
Bugul-Noz - He's a forest dweller, a
shepherd. He's very unattractive and he knows it, but he
yearns for human companionship.
Bwca - The Welsh name for the Brownie.
They have slightly nastier tempers and are prone to tantrums
if their work is criticized. They also despise tattletales
and people with long noses.
Cannered-Noz - Breton version of the
Cluricaun - After his day's labors the
Leprechaun enjoys a night's revelry and then becomes known
as the Cluricaun (kloor-a-kawn). He raids wine cellars
and is known to take wild drunken rides through the moonlight
on the backs of sheep or shepherds dogs.
Coblynau - Welsh Mine Goblin. Cousins
to the Cornish Knockers. These creatures using mining tools,
are seen working industriously at the seam faces. The knocking
of their picks and hammers is lucky, a sign of heavy ore
Corrigan - Malignant nature spirits found
in Brittany, often associated with phantoms of the dead.
Cururipur - A powerful South American
spirit who owned the jungle and tortures tortoise hunters
since the tortoises are his friends
Daoine Maithe - "The Good People";
Similar to the Gentry, they were said to be next to heaven
at the Fall, but did not fall; Some think they are a people
Disir - these are spirits who attach
themselves to a particular place, usually man made, like
houses. Especially old houses. They are generally feminine
Duergar - These are a malicious form
of Dwarf from Northern England. They revel in tricking
people into dying.
Dwarfs - Germany/Isle of Rugen/Swiss
mountains. Short but powerfully built, they are generally
bearded and aged in appearance, this is because they reach
maturity when only three years old and are grey bearded
by the age of seven. Their homes aree the mountains of
Scandinavia and Germany where they mine for precious metals
to work into arms and armour and other artifacts which
are often endowed with magic. They cannot appear above
ground tho one ray of sunlight and they will turn to stone.
Other accounts say they spend daylight hours as toads.
Dybbuk - a Jewish demonic spirit capable
of possessing humans.
Each-Uisge - (Ech-ooshkya) They are similar
to the Kelpie, but far more dangerous. They inhabit lochs
and seas and will eat their victims after tearing them
into pieces, except for the liver, which they leave. If
they are ridden inland, they are safe to ride, but if they
catch the slightest whiff of the sea air...
Ekimmu - One of the uttuku, evil or vengeful
spirits of the ancient Assyrians, the ekimmu appeared wailing
and crying outside a home to signal an impending death,
much like a Banshee.
Ellyllon - The name given to the Welsh
elves. They are tiny, diaphanous fairies whose food is
toadstools and fairy butter, a fungoid substance found
in the roots of old trees and in limstone crevices. Their
queen is Mab.
Elves - In Scandinavian mythology the
fairy people were elves and were divided into two classes,
the light elves and the dark elves, like the Seelie and
Unseelie Court. In Scotland the fairy people of human size
were often called elves and Faeryland was Elfame; in England
it was the smaller Trooping Fay who were called elves,
and the name was particularly applied to small fairy boys.
ErlKonig - he is the "Elf King" in
Germany. He's been known to warn people of their pending
deaths. How he appears will relay to that person how he
or she is going to die.
Fachan, The - From the West Highlands
Fays - The dialect name in Northumberland.
Fair Family or Fair Folk - The euphemistic
name used by the Welsh for the fairies. (See Tylwyth Teg.)
Farisees, or Pharisees - The Suffolk
name for fairies. The Suffolk children used to be confused
between the farisees and the biblical mentions of the Pharises.
Fary - The dialect name in Northumberland.
Feeorin - A small fairy that is indicated
as being, green-coated, generally red-capped, and with
the usual fairy traits of love of dancing and music.
Fees - The fairiers of Upper Brittany.
Fenoderee - A type of Brownie from the
Isle of Man. A willing worker of prodigious strength, the
Fenoderee performs many labours for the farmers of Man.
The Fenoderee was a member of the Ferrishyn - the faerie
tribe of Man, until he made the mistake of absenting himself
from their Autumn festival to court a mortal girl. His
good looks were taken from him and he became the solitary,
ugly creature he is now.
Feriers, or Ferishers - Another Suffolk
name for the fairies.
Ferries - The usual name for the Shetland
and Ocadian fairies.
Ferrishyn (Ferrishin) - A Manx name for
the fairie tribe; the singular is "ferrish".
They are the Trooping Fairies of Man, though there does
not seem to be any distinction between them and the Sleih
Beggey. They are less aristocratic than the fairies of
Ireland and Wales, and they have no named fairy king or
queen. They were small, generally described as three feet
in height, though sometimes as one foot. They could hear
whatever was said out of doors. Every wind stirring carried
the sound to their ears, and this made people very careful
to speak of them favorably.
Fetes - The Fates of Upper Brittany.
Fir Darrig - (Fear dearg) delights in
practical joking of a rather gruesome nature and therefore
it is probably safer to humor him.
Foawr (fooar) - Manx equivalent of Highland
Frairies - The Norfolk and Suffolk, local
version of the word "fairy".
Fyglia - a sort of personal spirit. They
often take an animal form. The Native Americans call them "fetches" and
use them as totems. They serve mostly as personal guardians.
Gans - Apache Indian shamen offer prayers
to the Gans, asking them to drive evil spirits away and
to attract good fortune.
Gentry, the - The most noble tribe of
all the fairies in Ireland. A big race who came from the
planets and usually appear in white. The Irish used to
bless the Gentry for fear of harm otherwise.
Ghillie Dhu - A Scottish solitary faerie
who inhabits certain birch hickets. His clothing is made
of leaves and moss.
Glaistig, The - is a water faerie and
is part seductive woman, part goat. The goat-like attributes
she tries to hide under a long flowing green dress. The
Glaistig lures men to dance with her before she feeds,
vampire-like, on their blood. Her nature is typically faerie-perverse
for she can also be benign and gently tend children or
old people. She will also sometimes herd cattle for farmers.
Goblins - A breed of small, swarthy,
malicious beings-although 'goblin' as a term is often used
as a general name for thee uglier inhabitants of Faerie.
They sometimes appear in the shape of animals which appropriately
reflects their bestial nature. They are the thieves and
villains of Faerie, companions to the Dead, especially
Golem - a Jewish zombie-like spirit who
is to avenge a wrongful death.
Good Neighbors - One of the most common
Scottish and Irish names for the fairies.
Good People - The Irish often referred
to their Sidhe in this manner. (See Daoine Maithe)
Grant - a small horse which stands upright;
each Grant is attached to a particular place and when he
senses danger will tun through the town shouting warnings.
Green Children, The - The fairy are recorded
in the medieval chronicles under such a name.
Green Lady of Caerphilly, The - Takes
on the appearance of Ivy when she is not walking through
the ruined castles she haunts.
Greencoaties - The name for the fairies
that dwell in Lincolnshire Fen country.
Greenies - The euphemistic name used
for the fairies in Lancashire, associated with the Jacobean
Grey Neighbours, the - One of the euphemistic
names for the fairies given by the Shetlanders to the Trows,
the small gray-clad goblins whom the Shetlanders used to
propitiate and fear, using against them many of the means
used all over the islands as protection against fairies.
Guillyn Veggey - The Little Boys is a
Manx term for the fairies who dwell on the Isle of Man.
Gwragedd Annwn, The - are Welsh water
faeries, beautiful Lake Maidens who occassionally take
mortals to be their husbands. One well-known legend tells
of a young man who used to graze his cattle by a small
lake near the Black Mountains. One day he saw a most enchanting
creature rowing gently to and fro in a golden boat on the
surface of the lake. He fell deeply in love with her and
offered her some of the bread he had brought from home
for his midday meal. She answered that the bread was too
hard and disappeared into the depths. The young man's mother
gave him some unbaked dough to take with him the next day
and he offered this to the faerie but she answered that
it was too soft and again disappeared. On the third day
he took some lightly baked bread, which passed. Three figures
rose from the lake, and old man with a beautiful daughter
on either side of him. The girls were identical and the
father told the young farmer that he was willing to offer
him the daughter with whom he was in love if he could point
her out. The farmer would have given up in despair but
one slightly moved her foot and he, recognizing her slipper,
won her hand. The young farmer was warned that he would
lose his wife if he ever should strike her three times
causelessly. The Gwragedd Annwn had somme curious faerie
ways; would weep at weddings and laugh at funerals, which
led her husband to strike her, and she was forced to leave
him. Though her sons she had left behind with all of their
faery teachings they became great physicians.
Gwyllion (gwithleeon) - The evil mountain
fairies of Wales. They are hideous female spirits who waylay
and mislead travelers by night on the mountain roads. They
were friends and patrons of the goats, and might indeed
take goat form.
Hags - inhabiting the British Isles,
who seem to personify winter, are probably survivals of
the oldest goddesses. Some turn, like winter into Spring,
from hideously ugly old wommen into beautiful young maidens,
and others like Black Annis are cannibalistic.
Henkies - One of the names given to the
Trows of Orkney and Shetland.
Hobgoblin - Used by the Puritans and
in later times for wicked goblin spirits, but its more
correct use is for the friendly spirits of the Brownie
type. Hobgoblin was considered an ill omened word. "Hob" and "Lob" are
words meaning the same kind of creature as the Hobgoblin.
They are on the whole good-humored and ready to be helpful,
but fond of practical joking.
Host, The - See Unseelie Court.
Huacas - Incan myth speaks of Huacas,
stone forms of sprits or divine beings who watched over
Huldafolk - the huldafolk are fairly
reclusive Scandinavian faeriefolk.
Hyster-sprites - Lincolnshire and East
Anglian fairies/small and sandy-colored, with green eyes.
Jack-In-Irons - A Yorkshire giant who
haunts lonely roads.
Jenny Greenteeth - Yorkshire River Hag
who drowns children.
Jimmy Squarefoot - Frightening appearance
but reletively harmless.
Kachina - Ancestor spirits of the Pueblo
Indians in North America. The Hopi also believed in kachinas,
believing them to be the souls of virtuous dead people.
Kelpie, The - is a Scottish water faerie.
Although sometimes appearing in the guise of a hairy man,
this is more often seen in the form of a young horse. The
Kelpie haunts rivers and streams and, after letting unsuspecting
humans mount him, will dash into the water and give them
a dunking. Each-Uisge (ech-ooshkya) or Aughisky (agh-iski)
as he is known in Ireland, inhabits seas and lochs and
is far more dangerous.
Killmoulis, The - particularly ugly Brownie
who haunts mills. He is characterized by an enormous nose
and no mouth. To eat he presumably stuffs the food up his
nose. Although a Killmoulis works hard for the miller,
he delights in practical jokes and can therefore be a hindrance
rather than a help.
Klaboutermannikin - they inhabit the
figureheads of ships, giving them guidance and protection.
Klippe - The Forfarshire name for a fairy.
Kobolds - These are the German version
of Knockers. They are known for causing problems for the
miners and undoing their progress. To keep the miners guessing,
they occasionally help them.
Korred - bizarre-looking and capricious
but generally good-natured guardians of Brittany's standing
Kubera - King of the Yakshas, the god
of wealth. Usually depicted as a dwarfish figure with a
paunch, bearing a money bag or pomegranate and seated on
Kul - A water spirit of the Eskimos in
the Arctic, Kul may be malevolent but generally helps the
Northern peoples with their fishing. As a show of gratitude,
it is customary to offer him some of the fish caughts at
the beginning of the season.
Leannan Sidhe - This has two definitions.
Leprechaun - Generally described as a
fairy shoemaker, this creature is a red-capped fellow whostays
around pure springs and is known to haunt cellars. He spends
his time drinking and smoking. One branch of the Leprechaun
is known as the Fir Darrig, who is a practical joker; both
are of the Solitary Fairies. Leprechauns have also been
associated with the Earth-elemental Gnome, and when so
done, is described as being a merry little fellow dressed
all in green, instead of wearing a red cap, a leather apron,
drab clothes and buckled shoes, and the boy, who has fairy
blood in him, succeeds in winning a wealth of treasure
from an underground cave, keeps his gain secret, and is
the founder of a prosperous familiy.
Li'l Fellas, the - Another Manx euphemistic
name for The Good Neightbours.
Little Folk - See Sleight Beggey.
Little People of the Passamaquoddy Indians, the
- There are two kinds of Little People among
the Passamaquoddy Indians, the Nagumwa-suck and Mekumwasuck.
Both kinds are two and a half to three feet in height,
and both are grotesquely ugly. The Passamaquoddy Indians,
wholived close to the Canadian border, used to migrate
to the ocean in the summer and move inland in the winter.
When they moved, their fairies moved with them. The little
People can only be seen by the Indians. They live in
the woods and are fantastically and individually dressed.
Their faces are covered with hair, which strikes an alien
note to the Indians. Oral tradition has it that they
were made of stone.
Lunantishess - The tribes that guard
the blackthorn trees or sloes in Ireland; they let you
cut no stick on the eleventh of November (the original
November Day), or on the eleventh of May (the original
Ly Erg - This faerie yearns to be a soldier.
He dresses like one and cannot be distinguished from human
soldiers except by his red-stained hands, red from the
blood he has shed.
Mazikeen - also known as the shideem
or shehireem, these Jewish faeries know much of magic and
enchantment. They were born when Adam and Eve were excommunicated
for 130 years for eating of the tree of knowledge. Female
spirits lay with Adam, and male spirits with Eve, and of
these unions were born the Mazikeen. They are a rank betweenmen
and angels. They have wings and can fly, tell the future,
and like to feast and drink, marry and have children. They
can also shapeshift.
Mermaids - entice human lovers with their
songs of enchantment. They cause ship-wrecking storms and
are most frequently seen combing their long hair whilst
admiring themselves in mirrors.
Merrows - The Irish Merpeople are called
Merrows and they can be distinguished from other sea-dwelling
faeries in that they wear red feather caps to propel themselves
down to their homes in the depths. Should their caps be
stolen, they can no longer return to their watery homes.
The female Merrow are very beautiful and, like other mermaids,
appear before storms as an omen, but they are gentle by
nature and often fall in love with mortal fishermen. This
can partly be explained by the extreme ugliness of the
male Merrows. Despite their alaming aspect, the males too
have their redeeming features as they are generally jovial
Mooinjer Veggey (moo-in-jer vegar) - The
Little People is a familiar Manxman term for the faeries
who dwell on the Isle of Man; see Sleigh Beggey.
Mother Holle - A crone who lives at the
bottom of old wells. She dispenses justice and might aid
you with guidance and divination if she likes you.
Mumiai - best known for persecuting peasants,
especially those of the lowest castes, who had stolen from
their neighbors or demonstrated their dirty habits. The
Mumiai toss their belongings in the air, break their pottery
and trample on their gardens, finally forcing them to moveout
of their villages.
Muryans - Muryan is the Cornish word
for ant. The Cornish belief about the fairies was that
they were the souls of ancient heathen people, too good
for Hell and too bad for Heaven, who had gradually declined
from their natural size, and were dwindling down until
they became the size of ants, after which they vanished
from this state and no one knew what became of them.
Nagas - Nagas are human from the waist
up and snake from the waist down and are often seen wearing
hooded canopies or with seven or more heads. Both sexes
are extraordinarily beautiful and several royal Indian
families claim to be descended from them. They bite humans
who are evil or destined to die prematurely. Buddhists
regard them as minor deities and door guardians.
Nuckelavee - is surely the most awful
of the Scottish sea fairies. A monstrous horse with legs
that are part flipper, a huge mouth and one fiery eye and,
rising from its back joined to it at the waist, a hideous
torso with arms that nearly reach the ground, topped by
a massive head that rolls from side to side as though its
neck was too weak to hold it upright. Worse than this tho
is the horrible appearance of the creatures flesh, for
it has no skin. Black blood coursing through yellow veins,
white sinews and powerful red muscles are exposed. The
Nuckelavee has an aversion to fresh running water and the
pursued have only to cross it to escape.
Nunnehi - Cherokee version of elves.
They live in towns beneath the ground. Nunnehi are saddened
by the suffering incurred by the Cherokee and occasionally
offer assistance. Nunnehi led the Cherokee to Pilot Knob,
North Carolina, where they passed through the realm of
the Nunnhei and were safe.
Oannes - Fish-headed beings from another
world, these were considered to be sea-gods by the ancient
Chaldeans. Oannes lived among men by day, building the
great Sumerian civilization and teaching art, science,
and religion, while at night they returned to the Persian
Gulf to swim in the ocean.
Ohdows - a race of small, well-formed
people with the features of the Native Americans who live
underground in North America. They use their magic to subdue
the earth spirits who cause earthquakes.
Old People, the - Another Cornish name
for the fairies.
Pechs, or Pehts - The Scottish Lowland
names for fairies and are confused in tradition with the
Picts, the mysterious people of Scotland who built the
Pictish brughs and possibly also the round stone towers.
The Pechs were considered tremendous castle builders and
were credited with the construction of many of the ancient
castles. They could not bear the light of day and so only
worked at night, when they took refuge in their brughs
or "sitheans" at sunrise. It seems likely that
some historic memory of an aboriginal race contributed
one strand to the twisted cord of fairy tradition.
Peg Powler - One of the many Green Hags
with sharp teeth who drag their victims down to watery
People of Peace - The Irish often refered
to the Sidhe in this manner. The word sidhe means peace.
See Daoine Sidhe in Faery Lineage.
People in the Hills, the - Fairies who
live under the green mounds, or tumuli, all over England.
Phooka - an Irish Goblin with a variety
of rough beast-like forms. He appears sometimes as a dog
or a horse, or even a bull, but is generally jet-black
with blazing eyes. As seemingly friendly, shaggy, sway-backed
pony Phooka offers the unwary traveller a welcome lift;
but once astride he is taken for a wild and terrifying
gallop across the wettest and most thorny country, eventually
to be dumped headlong into the mire or deposited in a ditch.
The chuckle is that of the Phooka as he gallops away.
Picts - The original peoples who dwelled
in the northeastern coast of Ireland. They were called
the "Cruithne" and migrated down from Gaul or
Galia (France). As the conquering waves of invaders arrived
in Ireland, eventually the Picts retreated to the woods
and lived in caves and underground forts. They were a small,
dark people and became known as the classic Faery-people.
Pigsies - See Pixies.
Pixies, or Pigsies, or Piskies - These
are the West Country fairies belonging to Somerset, Devon
and Cornwall. There are varing traditions about the size,
appearance and origin of the Pixies, but all accounts agree
about their being dressed in green and about their habit
of misleading travelers.
Plant Rhys Dwfen (plant hree thoovn) - The
family name of a tribe of fairy people who inhabited a
small land which was invisible because of certain herb
that grew on it. They were handsome people, rather below
the average in height, and it was their custom to attend
the market in Cardigan and pay such high prices for the
goods there that the ordinary buyer could not compete with
them. They were honest and resolute in their dealings,
and grateful to people who treated them kindly.
Polevik - a Polish faerie, he appears
as a two-footed goat and helps to bring in the harvest.
Portunes - Small agricultural fairies.
It was their habit to labor on farms, and at night when
the doors were shut they would blow up the fire, and, taking
frogs from their bosoms, they would roast them on the coals
and eat them. They were like very old men with wrinkled
faces and wore patched coats.
Puck - Thanks to Shakespeare, the most
famous of the mischievous shape-shifting hobgoblins. He
is closely related to the Welsh Pwca and the Irish Phooka.
Rakshasas - shapeshifting demon-goblins.
They can appear as mosters, animals, or beautiful women
to seduce holy men and then eat them. They have side tusks,
ugly eyes, curling awkward brows, bull's heads, bloated
bellies, tangled hair, and nackward pointing hands. They
can cause leprosy, raise the dead, and regenerate severed
Redcap - is one of the most evil of the
old Border Goblins. He lives in old ruined towers and castles,
particularly those with a history of wickedness. He re-dyes
his cap in human blood.
Roane - Irish name for the Selkie.
Seelie Court - Blessed Court; Name of
the kindly fairy host, or benovolent Faery of the positive
polarity, and is generally used to describe the Scottish
fairies. The malignant fairies were sometimes called the
Selkies - The seas around Orkney and
Shetland harbor the Selkies or Seal-Faeries (known as Roane
in Ireland). A female Selkie is able to discard her seal-skin
and come ashore as a beautiful maiden. If a human can capture
this skin, the Selkie can be forced to become a fine, if
wistful, wife. However, should she ever find her skin she
immediately returns to the sea, leaving the husband to
pine and die. The males raise storms and upturn boats to
avenge the indiscriminate slaughter of seals.
Shellycoat - A Scottish bogie who haunts
fresh water streams and is festooned with shells which
clatter when he moves. He takes pleasure in tricking and
bewildering travelers and leading them astray.
Sidhe, Sith, or Si (shee) - The Gaelic
name for fairie, both in Ireland and the Highlands of Scotland.
Very tall beings that seem to either shine or appear opalescent.
The shining beings belong to the earthly realm; while the
opalescent beings belong to the heavenly world. As with
any shamanic practice there are three great worlds which
we can see while we are still in the body: the heavenly,
the earthly, and underworldly realms.
Silent Moving Folk - The Scottish fairies
who live in green knolls and in the mountain fastnesses
of the Highlands. See Still-folk.
Sleigh Beggey (sleigh beargar) - The
Little Folk. A name given to fairies in the Manx tongue.
Sluagh (slooa) - The most formidable
of the Highland fairy people; The host of the Unforgiven
Dead. By some scholars, they are regarded as the fallen
angels, not the dead, but on the whole their accounts correspond
closely to that given by Alexander Carmichael in 'Carmina
Small People of Cornwall, the - Fairies
were sometimes spoken of this way in Cornwall.
Solitary Fairies - The fairies who are
chiefly malignant or ominous creatures, comprise this group,
although there may be a few nature spirits or dwindled
gods among them. An exception is the Brownie and its variants
- though there are few family groups among the Brownies
- some think that they were unacceptable in Faeryland because
of their ragged, unkept appearance, and that they went
off to the Seelie Court when they were properly dressed.
However, this is only one school of thought on the subject.
Other creatures, such as the Lepracaun, Pooka, and Bean
Si, also comprise this group.
Spriggans - Grotesque and ugly in shape.
Although quite small, they have the ability to inflate
themselves into monstrous forms which has led humans to
believe them to be the ghosts of old giants. Apart from
their useful function as guardians of hill treasure, Spriggans
are an infamous band of villains, skilled thieves, thoroughly
destructive and often dangerous. They are capable of robbing
human houses, kidnapping children (and leaving a repulsive
baby Spriggan in exhange) causing whirlwinds to destroy
fields of corn, blighting crops and all manner of other
Sprites - A general name for fairies
and other spirits such as Sylphs and nerieds.
Still-Folk - The Scottish name for the
Highland fairies. See Silent Moving Folk.
Themselves, They, or Them that's in it - The
most common Manx names used in place of the word "fairy",
which was generally considered an unlucky word to use.
It is sometimes said that "themselves" are the
souls of those drowned in Noah's flood.
Tiddy Ones, Tiddy Men, or Tiddy People - The
Lincolnshire fenman's nature spirits, which are also referred
to as the Yarthkins or Strangers. Most of them were undifferentiated,
a drifting mass of influenced and powers rather than individuals.
The one among them personally known and almost beloved
was the Tiddy Mun, who was invoked in times of flood to
withdraw the waters.
Tokolosh - A South African faerie; Tokolosh
is a sullen spirit who lives beside streams, throwing stones
into the water on still nights. He is famous for frightening
lone travelers, usually by jumping on a small animal or
bird and strangling it so that the poor animal's panicked
cry alarms the traveler. He is described as being something
like a baboon, but smaller and without a tail, and covered
with black hair.
Trolls - Cave Dwellers, Scandinavian
faeries who hate sunlight.
Trooping Fay or Faery - The Faery have
been divided into two main classes: trooping and Solitary.
It is a distinction that hold good throughout the British
Isles, and is indeed valid wherever fairy beliefs are held.
The trooping fay can be large or small, friendly or sinister.
They tend to wear green jackets, while the Solitary Faery
wear red jackets. They can range from the Heroic Faery
to the dangerrous and malevolent Sluagh, or tose Diminutive
Fairies who include the tiny nature spirits that make the
fairy rings with their dancing and speed the growth of
Trows - Live on the Shetland Islands,
similiar to the Scandinavian Trolls and like them, have
an aversion to daylight. They are frequently observed performing
a curious lop-sided dance called 'Henking'
Tylwyth Teg (terlooeth teig) - The Fair
Family. The most unusual name for Welsh fairies, though
they are sometimes called Bendith Y Mammau, in an attempt
to avert their kidnapping activities by invoking a euphemistic
name. They are fair-haired, and love golden hair. They
dance and make fairy rings. They are like the Daoine Sidhe,
and dwell underground or underwater. The fairy maidens
are easily won as wives and will live with human husbands
for a time. The danger of visiting them in their own country
lies in the miraculous passage of time in Faeryland. They
give riches totheir favourites, but these gifts vanish
if they are spoken of.
Unseelie Court - Unblessed Court; They
are never under any circumstances favorable to mankind.
They comprise the Slaugh, or The Host, that is, the band
of the unsanctified dead. The Unseelie Court are the malignant
Faery of the negative polarity, made up of Solitary Faery.
Urisk - is a scttish solitary faerie
who haunts lonely pools. He will often seek out human company
but his peculiar appearance terrifies those he approaches.
Verry Volk - The name of the fairies
in Gower of Wales; little people dressed in scarlet and
Virikas - Never more than eighteen inches
tall, these unpleasant spectral entities can be recognized
by their flaming red color and their horribly pointed,
bloodstained teeth. They gather outside the homes of men
soon to die and jabber excitedly. To prevent this, people
can erect a small shrine in their honor and burn daily
gifts of flowers and spices for them.
Water Leaper - Preys on Welsh Fishermen.
Wee Folk - One of the Scottish and Irish
names for the fairies.
White Ladies, the - The use of White
Ladies for both ghosts and fairies is an indication of
the close connection between fairies and the dead. The
White Ladies were direct descendants of the Tuatha De Danann.
Wichtlein - from Southern Germany behave
in much the same way as goblins. They announce the death
of a miner by tapping three times. When a disaster is about
to happen they are heard digging, pounding and imitating
Will O' the Wisp - No one is quite sure
what these distant floating balls of flame are, but they
are generally associated with and are sometimes thought
of as faeries in the British Isles. They are sometimes
thought to be the souls of children who have died and like
to cause mischief.
Yakshas - Benevolent nature spirits;
they are the guardians of tresures hidden in the earth
and the roots of trees. Their ruler is Kubera, who lives
on a mountain in the Himalayas. They are deities of cities,
districts, lakes, and wells, and are thought to have originated
from a cult of the ancient Dravidians.
Yann-an-Od - Kindly old shepherd who
tends sheep. He might have once been a faerie king. He's
rather shy of humans.
Yumboes - Located on Goree Island, south
of the Cape Verde Peninsula in Senegal, West Africa. They
are two feet tall with pearly skin and silver hair. They
are also called the "Bakhna Rakhna" which translates
to "The Good People." They enjoy dancing and
feasting by moonlight and live in magnificent subterranean
dwellings in the Paps, groups of hills about three miles
from the coast. Guests to their homes report lavishly decorated
tables and servants invisible except for their hands and
feet. They like to eat fish.